The biggest Mother and Baby Home in Ireland, St. Patrick’s on the Navan Road in Dublin was originally known as Pelletstown. It is a grand Edwardian pile that began its life in 1904 as a Public Workhouse and closed in 1985. From almost the beginning, it was run by the order of religious Nuns known as the Sisters of the Daughters of Saint Vincent de Paul, later called the Sisters of Charity. St. Patrick’s was by far the largest of the nine Mother and Baby Homes in Ireland, with approximately 15,000 women and girls going through its doors to give birth. It was also a massive ‘holding centre’ in it’s own right for unaccompanied babies and children. An official estimate indicates that during its 81 years of operation at least 3,500 babies and children died there and some are buried in the national Angel’s Plot in Glasnevin Cemetery in North Dublin. But as is now known, that figure (provided by the Nuns) is far too low, and a truer number would be almost three times that - about 9,700 babies and children. The death of unmarried women in the Homes also runs into thousands, with many of their deaths unexplained. The site of St. Patrick’s Mother and Baby Home on the Navan Road, in Dublin has a few secrets buried in unmarked burial plots that are yet to be discovered.
Within a few months, St. Patrick’s will be subject to an Irish Government investigation, conducted by the Mother and Baby Homes Commission of Investigation. The Commission will complete excavation and testing of the site as was done at the Mother and Baby Home in Tuam, County Galway, where 796 babies’ and children’s bodies were found in a septic tank and where, in the children’s playground, an estimated 1,800 other dead women and children were dumped. The Sisters of Charity, who ran the dilapidated and punitive St. Patrick’s Mother and Baby Home, thought themselves to be far superior to the unfortunate women and girls detained there and, as such, they therefore had the right to humiliate and destroy their charges - which they did with eager enjoyment and enthusiasm. The Sisters of Charity were known far and wide for their "systematic abuse”, cruelty, brutality and exploitation of the women and children in their care - for purely personal gain.
A primary cause of death among the women and children was starvation which was used as a tool of control by the Sisters of Charity and which led directly to consequent conditions such as malnutrition - officially noted on the death certificates as “marasmus”. Marasmus, which was prevalent in all Mother and Baby Homes in Ireland, is caused by a severe deficiency of nearly all nutrients, especially protein, carbohydrates, and lipids and is usually associated with poverty and scarcity of food. People in prisons, concentration camps and refugee camps tend to suffer from marasmus due to poor nutrition. Please remember that the Nuns running the Mother and Baby Homes were paid by the Irish State for each child in their care and also made vast sums of money from the sale of babies and children. Despite all this financial support, babies and children died from malnutrition. It is certain that not a single Nun in these establishments ever died from lack of food. NONE!
Also Irish Babies and Children suffered from hunger and cold, and were used as subjects in brutal criminal experiments by the Drug Companies. The cruel Nuns, the Sisters of Charity, who ran
St. Patrick’s Mother and Baby Home, did not even distribute milk or appropriate food rations for their babies or children, thus sentencing them to starve to death. The babies and children of the Mother and Baby Homes were badly exhausted and struggled to live, many babies from 3 months to 4 years suffering from diseases acquired in the Mother and Baby Homes, 86% percent showed vitamin deficiency and overall weakening of the organism, and 75% of them had tuberculosis. All of the children and babies were underweight by several pounds, in spite of the fact that the Nuns were paid for each child at the Mother and Baby Home.
The Nuns, the Sisters of Charity that ran the decrepit St. Patrick’s Mother and Baby Home, punished the babies and the children further by starvation which resulted in certain death. The emaciated Babies and Children were deliberately starved to death in the Mother and Baby Homes by the wickedness of the Nuns and the Irish Catholic Church. When you daily preach, that illegitimate babies are the spawn of the devil, you have a justification to abuse and kill them. The poor unfed Babies reached a tipping point of no return when their young gaunt body's ability for substance was lost, by intentionally giving them no food or protein, not even medicine. And the final insult, even in death, as can be attested to, the babies were simply dumped into mass grave pits or flushed into septic tanks, like used waste toilet - paper, without any Christian ecclesiastical rites, never in consecrated ground.
Typically the babies and children in the Mother and Baby Home in Ireland died from the following: typhoid (from exposure to infected fecal matter and characterised by red spots on the chest); lack of vitamin B; rickets (caused by lack of calcium and vitamin D); marasmus (caused by lack of protein); typhus (caused by bacteria and spread by lice); dysentery. Severe diarrhoea was very common and is known to lead to dehydration and even death. To my mind, the foregoing details raises the shocking spectre of children dying of starvation such as had not been seen since the Great Famine in Ireland of 1845. It is hard to believe that vulnerable babies and children in religious-run institutions died from famine in the 1930s, 40s, 50s, 60s and even into the 70s.
Irish mothers, babies and children, already suffering from hunger and cold, or already sick or disabled were also used as subjects in brutal criminal experiments by drug companies who paid the nuns for access to their wards. Many women and children died as a direct result of these human experiments. St. Patrick’s Mother and Baby Home was also the site of large-scale illegal medical drug trials for vaccines against epidemic typhus. Over the 81 years of its existence, many medical drug experiments occurred at St. Patrick’s Mother and Baby Home and, when deaths occurred as a result, the Sisters of Charity sold the bodies to the medical drug companies for subsequent dissection. Some of the illegal medical drug experiments were actually designed in some cases to cause death so that the time which elapsed until death could be measured.
The unwed women and girls who gave birth in these Homes were treated extremely harshly - brutalised, neglected, and underfed. Due to their continued ill- treatment and starvation by the Nuns, their babies were born weakened and underweight, while the quality of their breast milk was well below standard. The large and generally overcrowded wards facilitated the many infections and diseases that regularly raged through the Mother and Baby Homes.
The priests attached to St. Patrick’s Mother and Baby Home, drove the message home to the women and girls, that they were “sinners, dirty whores and common street prostitutes”, with the words “No man would ever want to marry a whore if they knew their filthy little secret” and “Landlords would not rent them rooms” shouted out daily,. Usually their own families had rejected them as filth. Most of all they must repent! “Repent, you filthy whores”, shouted the deranged priests while preaching fire and brimstone sermons daily from their altars and in the wards of the Mother and Baby Homes.
According to the Irish Clerics, (invoking the visually descriptive imagery of Sodom and Gomorrah), the abomination of the desolation of Dublin had become synonymous with impenitent sin, wicked vice and all types of sexual abominations and transgressions. (The frustrated priests were screaming all this, while daily, raping and sexually abusing children.) To the Irish Catholic Church, the sodomy laws were likely to rule Ireland, if they didn’t intervene and save Ireland for Christianity. The righteous clerics preached against imaginary sexual "crimes against nature", namely anal and oral sex, bestiality, further denouncing all forms of incest and other unnatural offences, like homosexuality and all forms of perverted sex both within and outside marriage.
The Irish Clerics were obsessed with all things sexual and frequently quoted the Bible at the frightened women, thundering “Anyone who has sexual relations with an animal must be put to death,” (Leviticus 18:23) and “If a woman approaches an animal to have sexual relations with it, kill both the woman and the animal. They must be put to death; their blood will be on their own heads.” They preached that no other sin was as loathsome and repulsive in the eyes of God than for a man to dump his baby-making seed, that gift of life God has given him, into an unmarried whore’s filthy bowels. “It is an abomination!” screamed the demented priests and Nuns, daily.
The thinking of the Priests and Nuns was that a woman seeks to obtain through lying and diabolical deceptions what she cannot get by honest means. Unmarried women were constantly portrayed as lying sorceresses. “One must be on one’s guard with every woman, as if she were a poisonous snake and the horned devil”, the chattering Priests and Nuns whispered amongst themselves. In the Bible, a married woman is treated as little more than a piece of property. This view was reinforced by the Irish Catholic Church which taught that women - married or unmarried - are the property of their fathers firstly and then of their husbands. To the Nuns running the Mother and Baby Homes, if a woman or girl was raped, or pregnant while unwed, she was ruined, and “spoiled goods” and no longer suitable for marriage. She must therefore be detained by the good nuns to find redemption through hard work and prayer. Her illegitimate child, spawn of evil, must be removed and sold, and raised in a proper Christian family with Christian values.
It is a fact that the children of unwed mothers were seen as an easy source of income for the Nuns and nothing more. The trade became known by the secret name of ‘Banished Babies’ which was an active collusion between the Irish Government and Irish Catholic Church. By banishing thousands of vulnerable illegitimate Irish children in the 1950s and 60s, chiefly to North America, a long-concealed and very lucrative child-export business was conducted by the Irish Catholic Church.
From the early 1950s to the mid 1970s, the golden age of the adoption business for the Irish Catholic Church, up to 97% of all babies born to single mothers in Ireland were adopted. On foot of the Irish Government’s passing of the 1952 Adoption Act, it became socially acceptable to adopt illegitimate babies from Mother and Baby Homes. Suddenly, these illegitimate babies were worth more alive than dead. Conditions were still appalling in all the Mother and Baby Homes but, unsurprisingly, infant mortality rates in Saint Patrick’s Mother and Baby Home fell sharply in the mid 1950s and continued to do so until it closed.
Surprisingly there are two periods when exact numbers of deaths are known: 1924 to 1930 inclusive when 662 children died. An average of over 97 per year, or nearly two per week for seven years. (chart Above)
Now we know the banality of evil of both the Irish Catholic Church, and the Irish Government. The Irish Government has acknowledged that secret, but officially authorised, Vaccine Trials took place in many Mother and Baby Homes in Ireland in the late 1950s and 1960s. The Irish Government revealed that 461 bodies of dead babies and children from the failed Medical Drug Experiments that took place in St. Patrick’s Mother and Baby Home were ’donated’ to various medical institutions. Thousands of babies and children were exposed to these illegal, barbarian medical drug experiments, and, as a direct result, thousands of babies and children died unnecessarily in Ireland’s Mother and Baby Homes.
It is now clear that the Irish Government and the Irish Catholic Church lied about the number of babies and children who died as a direct result of the officially authorised Vaccine Trials at St. Patrick’s Mother and Baby Home. A front page article by Pamela Duncan in the Irish Times on June 18 2014, revealed that “more than 660 children died in the Dublin residential home, (St. Patrick’s Mother and Baby Home) in a seven-year period”.
In 2014 it was revealed in a report compiled by Michael Dwyer of Cork University’s School of History, that 2,051 babies and children from the Mother and Baby Homes in Ireland were used as medical guinea pigs by the pharmaceutical giant Burroughs Wellcome during the 1930s. He came to this conclusion after trawling through tens of thousands of medical journal articles and archived files. Dwyer said “What I have found is just the tip of a very large and submerged iceberg.”
A damning report by the Irish government’s Health Service Executive (HSE) found that the Irish Catholic Church’s Mother and Baby Homes had an infant mortality rate of 68%. Revelations showed Burroughs Wellcome’s sponsored drug trials in Ireland spanned almost 50 years and involved dozens of religious-run institutions and thousands of vulnerable children. Despite this, Burroughs Wellcome has only acknowledged four secret drug trials. The report of the Inter-Departmental Group on Mother-and-Baby Homes, published in 2014, still refers only to three vaccine trials. A fourth was admitted by Burroughs Wellcome (now GlaxoSmithKline) in 2011. Between 1930-1935, secret trials of a Burroughs Wellcome vaccine for diphtheria, were carried out on over 2,000 vulnerable children in residential institutions. It failed, however, to mention the 1965 trial of a 5-in-1 vaccine carried out in Bessborough Mother and Baby Home.
Another factor in the official cover-up was the altering of vaccine files by the Nuns who ran the Mother and Baby Homes, to make it appear that unwed mothers were not on the premises and therefore unreachable to give consent, or by the altering of dates of vaccines, to make it appear they were given after the mothers had left the Home. The Nuns of St. Patrick’s Mother and Baby Home claim that they were kept in the dark with regard to the highly-experimental and potentially lethal nature of the vaccines administered to children in their care.
British pharmaceutical companies conducted vaccine trials on orphan children in Ireland because they were debarred from doing so under legislation in Great Britain. So my question is:
3. Were Religious Run Institutional ‘guardians’ properly placed to allow children to be used as ‘experimental material’ in vaccine trials? If so, was their decision made in the best interest of the children or was it to satisfy scientific and commercial concerns? It was to satisfy the commercial concerns of The Irish Catholic Church, that’s who.
Over 25,000 Survivors, former residents of St. Patrick’s Mother and Baby Home on the Navan Road in Dublin are still alive. All are deeply affected. The majority of residents, however, went to their pitiful graves still suffering the emotional and mental scars from their time in this notorious “Home”. Although 3,500 babies and children officially died in St. Patricks Mother and Baby Home, that number, sadly, should probably be four times higher. It is to be hoped that the truth will come out in the coming months as the Mother and Baby Homes Commission of Investigation continues its long road to the truth. Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.
Major medical teaching institutions in the state, including those of Trinity College Dublin, The College of Surgeons and University College Dublin, bought the bodies of at least 461 deceased babies for routine dissection practice, although they claim that these little corpses were “donated”.
But routinely, no questions were asked as to where the baby bodies came from - they just appeared. Imagine - a steady supply of 461 deceased babies supplied by the modern day Burke and Hare, the two 19th century criminals, known as “Resurrection Men”, who sold their stolen and murdered corpses for dissection at the College of Surgeons’ anatomy lectures in Scotland. The duplicitous Sisters of Charity were their true heirs. When the unethical nuns became aware that there was a demand for cadavers at the medical schools, it was easy for these “Resurrection Nuns”, having obtained the blessing of the the Irish Catholic Church, to remove the disambiguation of the morality of such a course of action.
A thousand or more pounds could be realised per baby or child, who after all, were spawns of the devil. The villainous and loathsome nuns were secretly informed by the equally contemptible Archbishop of Dublin that Irish law required that corpses used for medical research should only come from those who had died in prison, suicide victims, or from Mother and Baby Homes and Irish Orphanages.
Now please do the maths; huge money was to be made by the nuns of the Irish Catholic Church. Firstly by allowing the Medical Drug Companies to pay to experiment on the vulnerable babies and children; secondly, if the babies and children died as a result, the dead and mutilated body of the baby could be sold to the College of Surgeons in Dublin for even more money; thirdly, babies and children could be disposed of through illegal adoptions and illicit sales. Simple!
And yet, thousands of vulnerable – and valuable - babies and children died from starvation in the Mother and Baby Homes in Ireland. As a direct consequence of the Sisters of Charity’s actions, both the Irish Government and the Irish Catholic Church were indifferent to this mass death and suffering. The children whose deaths could not be monetised were considered useless and those who died were dumped into mass graves on Mother and Baby Homes’ property. Those who survived (and were not adopted) became slave labour in the Magdalen Laundries and Industrial Schools of Ireland.
Just so we are very clear, every Mother and Baby Home in Ireland had a "disposal of babies" policy.
Dr Lindsey Earner-Byrne’s book Four Mother and Baby Homes in 1933 outlinines the number of infant deaths with the most common cause of deaths being marasmus – a form of malnutrition.
1. St. Patricks Mother and Baby Home, Dublin: officially 3,500 baby and children, but a higher figure of over, 4,000 more babies and children - yet to be determined by the Commission.
2. Sean Ross Abbey in Roscrea, Co Tipperary: 790 children are believed to be buried in secret grave pits but possibly the number will be over 2,000 -, yet to be determined by the Commission.
3. Bessborough, Co Cork: an estimated 2,000 children or more may have been buried, possibly another 1,000 - yet to be determined by the Commission.
4. St. Peter’s in Castlepollard in Co. Westmeath: it’s believed 300 to 500 children died, and possibly the number will be over 1,000 more buried in secret grave pits - yet to be determined by the Commission.
Owen Felix O’Neill
Owen Felix O'Neill
Author of Child Laundering Secrets, 2017